Thyroid Problems Specialist

Mano Zachariah, MD -  - Internal Medicine

Total Med MD

Mano Zachariah, MD

Internal Medicine & Geriatrics located in Orangeburg, NY

Thyroid problems are common, especially in women over age 60. Board-certified internal medicine physician Mano Zachariah, MD, diagnoses and treats thyroid problems, including hypothyroidism, at TotalMedMD in Orangeburg, New York. If you think you may have a thyroid problem, call or book an appointment online for personal and accessible care.

Thyroid Problems

What is the thyroid gland?

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck that sits just above your collarbone. This gland is part of your endocrine system, which means it makes hormones.

The hormones your thyroid produces control the speed of many activities in your body, including how fast you burn calories and how quickly your heart beats. Together, these activities make up your body’s metabolism.

If your thyroid gland is underactive or doesn’t produce enough hormones, that’s called hypothyroidism.

What are symptoms of hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism symptoms vary from person to person. Common signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • Puffy face
  • Thinning hair
  • Depression
  • Cold intolerance
  • Joint and muscle pain

For women in their reproductive years, hypothyroidism may also cause heavy or irregular menstrual period and difficulty getting pregnant.

What are the risk factors for hypothyroidism?

Anyone can develop hypothyroidism. However, certain factors may increase your risk of developing this condition, such as:

  • Being a woman over age 60
  • Having had thyroid surgery
  • Having a family history of thyroid problems
  • Receiving radiation treatment in the chest or neck
  • Having an autoimmune disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis

The autoimmune disorder Hashimoto’s disease is the most common cause of hypothyroidism. Taking certain medications, such as lithium for psychiatric disorders, can also contribute to hypothyroidism.

How do you diagnose and treat hypothyroidism?

First, Dr. Zachariah performs a physical exam and reviews your medical history. If he suspects you may have hypothyroidism, he confirms the diagnosis with a blood test. If you’re a woman over age 60 or have other risk factors for hypothyroidism, this blood test may be part of your routine exam.

Treatment for hypothyroidism involves taking oral synthetic thyroid hormones every day. You should notice the effects of the medicine within one to two weeks, including an increase in energy and gradual weight loss.

Since hypothyroidism is usually a lifetime condition, Dr. Zachariah may recommend testing your thyroid levels on a regular basis to make sure you’re taking the right amount of medication.

To find out if you have an underactive thyroid gland, call TotalMedMD or book an appointment online today.